1.“看”:look; see; watch; observe; notice; catch sight of; stare; glare; glance; glimpse; see a film; watch TV

2.“说”:telll sth to sb.=tell sb sth; talk with sb about sth; say sth; speak in English; whisper sth to sb; inform sb of sth; reason /talk/persuade sb into doing sth; bargain; chat; repeat; explain; warn; remind; discuss; debate; figure; declare; claim; mention; admit; deny; describe; announce; introduce; complain

3.“叫”:cry; call; shout; scream; moan; sigh; quarrel

4.“问”:ask; interview; express; question

5.“答”:answer; respond; reply

6.“听”:listen to; hear; pick up; overhear

7. “笑”:smile; laugh; burst into laughter; burst out laughing

8.“哭”:cry; shed tears; weep; sob; burst into tears /burst out crying

9.“吃/喝”:eat/drink; sip; have a meal; have supper; toast; taste; treat sb to; help oneself to

10. “穿”:put on; wear; have on; be dressed in; make up; get changed; be in red; take off ; remove

11.“行”:walk ; run ; climb; jump; skip; slip; come/go; enter; move; drive; ride; fly; crawl
12.“坐”:sit down; be seated; seat oneself; take a seat,stand; lean

13.“睡/休息”:lie /on one’s back/on one's side/ on one’s stomach; stay in bed; have a rest; take a nap; be asleep; bend; turn over; rest

14.“写”:dictate; write sth; describe; drop a line; draw; take down/write down

15.“拿/放”: take; bring; hold; carry; fetch; lif; put; lay; pull; push

16.“抓”:take hold of; seize; grasp; scratch

17.“打”:hit; beat; strike; blow; attack

18.“扔”:throw; drop; fall; wave; shake

19.“送”:send; deliver; give; offer; see off

20.“摸/抱”:ouch; fold; embrace; hug; hold; in one’s arms

21.“踢/碰”:kick; knock; tip

22.“找/查”:find; look for; find out; discover/explore; hunt for; search for;seek,seek for in search of; search sb; search sp. for sth; check; examine; test; inspect

23.“得”:get; obtain; acquire; gain; possess

24.“失”:lose; be lost /be missing/gone; great loss

25.“有”:have; own; conquer; occupy;possess

26.“无”:nothing left; the remaining thing; disappear; be missing /gone

27.“增/减”:rise / go up,drop; raise; bring down /reduce; increase/decrease

28.“买/卖”:buy; purchase; afford; pay; pay off ; pay for; sell; on sale; bargain; bill / cheque / cash/credit card/notes/coins; discounts

29.“存在/消失”:come into being; exist; appear; survive ; live; show; turn up; disappear; die; die out; pass away; be out of sight

30.“变化”:develop; improve ; become; grow; go+ bad /wrong/ sour; turn + colour; change /change into; reform

31.“成功/失败”:make it; succeed; make progress; come true; realize one’s dream; win; lose; fail to do; defeat; suffer loss; beat; turn sth. into reality

32.“努力”:try /manage; make efforts; attempt ; do one's best; do as much as one can to do

33.祝贺:congratulate sb. on sth.; celebrate; observe; get together

34.敬佩:admire; respect; show respect for/to; adore; envy ;be jealousy

35.赞美/批评:praise; think highly of; blame sb for sth; sb is to blame; criticize /scold sb. for sth.; have a low opinion of sb; speak ill of

36. 喜/恶:like; love; be fond of ; be keen on; be crazy about; adore; be into; prefer; enjoy; dislike hate; ignore

37.到达:arrive at; reach; return to; get to; stay in sp.; visit; leave; leave for

38.受伤:hurt ; injure; wound; cut; kill; drown; bleed; get burnt; suffer from; suffer a loss

39.损坏:damage; destroy; ruin; break down; crash; be broken

40.修复: repair; rebuild; restore; fix; recover oneself

41.“认识的过程” :feel; sense; guess; suppose; wonder; doubt; know /learn realize understand remember; be familiar with; recall; recite; apply to

42.认为;判断:think; believe; consider; find; feel; conclude; infer; doubt

43.想/考虑:think of…as...; think about; consider; think over

44.支持/反对:agree; disagree; accept; receive; refuse; turn down; be against; elect; vote for/ against

45.花费:sth/doing sth+cost; sb+spend+ (in) doing sth; sb+afford +n/to do sth ; It +takes/took some time/ money/energy to do sth; sb pay some money for sth.

46.省/存钱:save /save up; set aside; put away

47.参加:take part in; join /join in; attend; compete in/ for/against

48.控告:accuse sb. of; charge sb. with

49.救治/帮助: help /help out; save /rescue sb from sth.; treat; cure sb. of sth; aid sb in doing sth / to do sth; help sb with sth;assist sb in doing sth

50.逃避:run away; escape from; flee; hide
51.阻止/禁止:prevent / keep/ stop sb. from doing sth; forbid doing sth.; ban; prohibit

52.对付/处理:handle / do with / deal with /tackle /overcome sth ; solve; settle

53.效仿:copy; imitate; learn from; learn

54.爆发/发生:come about; happen to; take place; break out; burst out; go off; explode

55.安装/装备:fasten; fix; set; equip; be armed with; be equipped with

56.追求:pursuit; ran after; seek after; chase; catch up with; keep up with

57.建议:advise; suggest; recommend; propose; urge; demand; persuade

58. 打算:plan / intend / design to do; be going to do /be about to do /will do

59.似乎/好象:seem; appear; look like;as if /as though

60.开办/关闭:open; start; set up; close/close up; end; close down


1.假期:vacation,holiday,spring break,leave,two days off

2.旅游:trip,journey, tour,voyage, travel,tourist,passenger

3. 职务人员:clerk,secretary,passer-by friend,minister,manager,waitress,guest,host,hostess,assistant,customer,adult,neighbor,relative,patient,vet,staff,crew,nurse,teacher,conductor,tailor,sailor,inventor,gardener,guard

4. 餐馆/定餐/就餐:inn,restaurant,kitchen,menu,bill,order,tip,fork and knife,reserve /book table,taste delicious,salad,vegetables,fruit,tray,napkin

5.诊所/看病/服药clinic,hospital,take one’s temperature,take medicine/pills,have a fever/flu/headache,doctor,physician,surgeon,specialist,patient

6.车站/机场:airport,on board,miss the train/bus,catch a train,meet sb.

7. 身体部位:arm,head,hair,brain,waist,back,shoulder,pulse,wrist

8. 意志:will,courage,patience,determination,faith,effort,confidence,ambition,energy


10.优缺点:advantage,disadvantage,strength,weakness,merit,drawback, strong point,shortcoming

11. 目标aim,goal,intention,purpose,belief,faith

12. 方式:means,method,way,manner,approach

13. 身体素质:strong,weak,pale,sick,ill,well,slim,fit,cut weight,put on weight

14. 图表:photo,picture,graph,drawing,table,line/bar graph, pie chart,draw a sketch(划草图)

15.文章:reading,translation,essay,poem,paper,novel,fiction article,magazine,newspaper,journal,diary,files


17.学校活动:match,game,activity,hold a meeting /debate /speech/ ceremony



20.交通:by train/bus /boat bike,on the train/bus /a bike,drive a car,ride a bike,give sb. a lift/ride





25.运动比赛:playground,track and filed,pitch,event,game,match,sports,player,coach,judge,jogging,weightlifting,volleyball,soccer


1. immediate adj 立即的,立刻的,马上

2. clear adj 清楚的,清晰的

3.cautious adj 小心翼翼的

4.vivid adj 生动的,逼真的

5.exactly adv ①确切地,精确地 ②恰好地,正好地 ③ (用于答语)完全正确。(的确这样)

6.fortunately adv 幸运地

7.surprisingly adv 令人惊讶的

8.hardly adv 几乎不

9.instead adv 代替,相反

10. properly adv 适当地;正确地;恰当地

11. specially adv 专门

12.reliable adj 可靠的,可信赖的

13.simply adv 简单地;仅仅,只不过

14.namely adv 即,也就是

15.not nearly = far from = nowhere near 远非,远远不,一点也不

16.patient adj 耐心的;n 病人

17.plain adj 简单的,朴素的

18.familiar adj 熟悉的

19.lucky adj 幸运的

20.amazing adj 令人惊异的

21.accidentally adv ①偶然地;意外地 ②附带地

22.silent adj 沉默的

23.calm adj 平静的,冷静的

24.secret adj 秘密的

25.otherwise adv 否则

26.meanwhile adv 期间,同时

27.besides adv 除…..以外还有

28.efficient adj 高效的,有效的

29. flexible adj 灵活的

30.complex adj 复杂的

31.smooth adj 平稳的,光滑的,顺利的

32.regularly adv 定期的,有规律的

33.sensitive adj 敏感的,体贴的

34.honest adj 诚实的

35.confident adj 自信的

36.shy adj 害羞的,羞涩的

37.thoughtful adj ①深思的,沉思的②富有思想的;经认真推敲的

38.lighthearted and optimistic adj 无忧无虑而且非常乐观的

39.nevertheless adj 然而

40.private adj 私人的(private cars)

41.personal adj 个人的(personal belongings)

42.unique adj 唯一的,独一无二的;独特的

43.favorable adj 赞同的,有利的

44.precious adj 宝贵的,珍贵的

45.essential adj 必要的,重要的

46.worthwhile adj 值得的

47.physical adj 身体的,物理的

48.sudden adj 突然的

49.merely adv 仅仅,只 =only

50.rarely adv 罕见的

51.splendidly adj 极好地,灿烂地

52.increasingly adv 越来越多地

53.naturally adv 自然地

54.accurate adj 精确的,准确的

55.ridiculous adj 可笑的,荒谬的

56.urgent adj 紧急的,急迫的

57.shallow adj 浅的,肤浅的

58.frequently adv 经常地,频繁地

59.especially adv 特别地,尤其地=particularly

60.obviously adv 显而易见 =apparently

61.necessarily adv 必要地,必须地,必然地

62.generally adv 一般地,通常地

63.eventually adv 最终,最后

64.adoptable adv 可采用的,可收养的

65.acceptable adj 可以接受的

66.available adj 可利用的,可使用的,可得到的

67.accessible adj 易接近的,易受影响的,可理解的

68.relatively adv 相对地,比较地

69.approximately adv大约

70.absolutely adv 绝对正确地

71.punctual adj 守时的

72.gentle adj 温柔的

73.neatly adv 整洁地

74.entirely adv 完全地

75.highly adv 高度地,非常地

76.strongly adv 强烈地,坚固地

77.extremely adv 极端地,非常

78.reasonably adv 合乎情理地

79.eagerly adv 热切地;渴望地

80.badly adv 很,非常

81.slightly adv 稍微,轻微地

82.equally adv 平等地

83.lately adv 最近

84.enthusiastic adj 热情的;热烈的;热心的

85.energetic adj 精力充沛的,有活力的

86.talkative adj ①喜欢说话的②多嘴的③健谈的

87.impressive adj 影象深刻的

88.traditional adj 传统的

89.practical adj 实践的,实际的

90.similar adj 类似的,相似的

91.convenient adj 方便的,便利的

92.sooner or later 迟早,早晚

93.more or less 或多或少,差不多,几乎

94.once in a while 偶尔,时不时地

95.now and then 偶尔,有时

96. willingly adv 情愿地

97. unexpectedly adv 出乎意料地

98.unwillingly adv 不情愿地

99. unforgettable adj 难忘的

100.doubtful adj 可疑的;令人生疑的;疑心的;不能确定的

101. hardly / scarcely adv 几乎不

102. respectable adj 值得尊敬的

103. respectful adj 恭敬的,有礼貌的

104. distinguished adj 著名的;卓著的;高贵的

105. complicated adj 难懂的,复杂的

106. awkward/clumsy adj 尴尬的,笨拙的

107. previous adj 以前的